Toynbee "Cavalcanti, Guido, summarized for Inf. X. 60-69"
famous Florentine poet, son of Cavalcante. He was born probably c. 1255. He was betrothed by his father to Beatrice degli Uberti, daughter of the famous Farinata, at the time when an attempt was made to conciliate the feuds in Florence by means of matrimonial alliances between members of the opposing factions. He was an ardent Guelph, and when the Guelph party in Florence split up into Bianchi and Neri, he threw in his lot with the former and distinguished himself by the violence of his opposition to the Donati, and especially to Corso Donati. In 1300, during D.'s priorate, it was decided in order to put an end to the disturbances caused by the continued hostilities between the two factions, to banish the leaders of both sides. It thus came about that D. was instrumental in sending his own friend into exile and as it proved, to his death.

In the D. C., Guido is mentioned in the conversation between D. and Cavalcante in Circle VI of Hell, where the latter refers to him as mio figlio and asks why he is not with D., [Inf. x. 60]; D. in his reply refers to him as Guido vostro and, indicating Virgil, hints that Guido 'held him in disdain' ([Inf. x. 61-63]); D. having used the past tense (ebbe a disdegno), Cavalcante assumes that his son is dead, and asks D., non viv'elli ancora? ([Inf. x. 67-69]); D. does not reply, but subsequently bids Farinata tell Cavalcante that Guido is still alive, il suo nato e co' vivi ancor congiunto ([Inf. x. 109-114]) [Cavalcanti, Cavalcante].

Cavalcanti, Guido(Long Entry)
Cavalcanti, Guido, summarized entry
Cavalcanti, Guido, summarized for Inf. VI. 73

©Oxford University Press 1968. From A Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante by Paget Toynbee (1968) by permission of Oxford University Press